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Metamorphosis is the name of a stage illusion invented by John Nevil Maskelyne, but most often associated with famous escape artist Harry Houdini and performed to some renown (for speed) by The Pendragons, among others. It is also known amongst magicians as the Substitution Trunk (often abbreviated to Sub Trunk built by David Beasley).
In the illusion, an assistant (Houdini employed his wife Bess) is locked inside a large box or trunk, often after being restrained with handcuffs, ropes, bags, etc. The magician stands on the trunk and holds a curtain up to momentarily conceal his entire body. When the curtain is lowered, it is now revealed to be the assistant standing atop the box, the magician and assistant having changed places instantaneously. When the box is opened, it is shown to contain the magician, restrained as the assistant had been. In some acts, the magician is locked in the box first, then appears standing atop the box.
Variations include the Aquarian Illusion performed by Mark Wilson, wherein a tank filled with water is used and a beautiful swimsuit-clad woman assistant is locked inside underwater, and Penn and Teller performing the illusion in an underwater theater with the female assistant handcuffed & locked in a steel cage on the bottom. These variations add an element of peril. If something were to go wrong, the assistant (or magician) could possibly drown.
Pictured to the right is "Suspended Animation". Called the modern day metamorphosis, the trunk is suspended on a platform above the stage creating an aerial exchange. This evolution of the illusion was invented by Australian Illusionist, John Taylor. .
The Flown Exchange was developed by magician Kirby Vanburch; in effect the trunk is hoisted into the air while the assistant stands on stage with the cloth and the exchange is made. Craig Browning has an alternative climax to this, in which the trunk which started out solid black with chrome trim suddenly becomes transparent, revealing the assistant inside while the trunk is still in the air. Theme Park show producer Jodi Baron developed a visible variation in which the audience could see the magicians secured in the cloth bag sat inside the trunk at all times and yet, the exchange still takes place. The Sigfried & Roy version had a leopard come out of the box as well as the second partner.
A method for Metamorphosis was exposed by the Masked Magician, Val Valentino, as part of Fox TV series Breaking the Magicians' Code: Magic's Biggest Secrets Finally Revealed. He was assisted by Michelle Berube. However, the method exposed (specifically the manner in which the trunk is opened) is not generally in use today.
For secrets and more information, visit Secretpedia.
- ↑ "The Pendragons official website". http://www.thependragons.net. Retrieved 2007-03-11.
- ↑ "John Taylor's Suspended Animation Official Website". http://www.suspendedanimationillusion.com. Retrieved 2011-04-19.